Dust collectors are air cleansing equipment designed to improve commercial or industrial air quality by capturing particulate matter. They filter pollutants and solid particles that the government has banned in response to the air pollution crisis and trap them. Particles released during manufacturing are hazardous and can lead to respiratory damage as well as other health problems. XFG cyclone collector systems transform contaminated air, through a system of filters or separators, by collecting them.

A dust collector can be of many types. Let us go through the infographics below to see the different types –

Inertial Separators

Fabric Filters

Wet Scrubber

Electrostatic Precipitators [ESP]

Unit Collectors

HOW cyclone collector WORK

Cyclone dust collectors filter dust by utilizing centrifugal, buoyant and drag force. When dust laden air enters the cyclone at a controlled speed, the heaver dust particles are forced to the outside of the cyclone wall. This friction allows the dust particles to drop to the bottom of the cyclone into a collection device. The spinning air creates a secondary vortex in the middle of the cyclone that that exhausts the clean air out the top. Cyclones operate at various efficiencies depending on factors such as height to width ratio, water pressure drop, cfm and inlet type.

Most cyclone collectors never operate at peak efficiency. In order to reach maximum efficiency, all the factors mentioned above need to measured precisely and the cyclone manufactured to the specifications based on those measurements. If designing a new system, these measurements can be estimated closely with a knowledgeable engineer and precise measurements of duct length runs and sizes. However, the expense of manufacturing a custom cyclone collector to match these measurements is cost prohibitive. Instead, purchasers should look for a cyclone that shows efficiency based on CFM to water pressure drop and choose the appropriate cyclone for their application.

Efficient cyclones are capable of filtering 90% of particulate down to 15 microns. Options for collecting more particulate may consist of adding an additional cyclone in a series increasing the efficiency an additional 90%, making the total efficiency 99% down to 15 microns. If smaller particulate size is the issue for additional filtration, a bag house filtration system can added to a single cyclone or after the secondary cyclone.

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